What You Need to Know About Periodontal Disease

What You Need to Know About Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease affects the gums and the supporting structures of the teeth. The two most common forms of periodontal disease are gingivitis and periodontitis.

Gingivitis is the more moderate form of periodontal disease. Gingivitis occurs when plaque and bacteria build up along and beneath the gums. This leads to redness and swelling. Eventually, gums will bleed during routine brushing and flossing. If not corrected, gingivitis may lead to periodontitis.

Periodontitis produces inflammation of the bone and bone structures of the teeth. If left untreated, it will cause bone loss, loose teeth and tooth loss.

Treatments for periodontal disease are available from our Los Angeles dentist. The earliest forms of periodontal disease are treated when the dentist removes the plaque that has built up around and under the gums. Many patients are prescribed a medicated mouth rinse to reduce inflammation.

Advanced cases of periodontal disease require more advanced treatment. Deep scaling under local anesthesia may be necessary along with root planing. Deep pockets that have formed in the gums and pulled away from the teeth may need to be surgically corrected.

The good news is that periodontal disease is preventable with the practice of good oral hygiene. All patients should brush their teeth at least twice a day. Teeth should be flossed at least once a day. Patients should avoid sugary snacks that tend to promote more plaque buildup. Make sure to see the dentist for cleanings every six months. If these measures do not completely keep gingivitis at bay, there are rinses available to keep the gums healthy and free of disease.